.
.

Assistant Professor of Sociology

.

PRINCETON UNIVERSITY

.
.
.

 Contact

samtrejo [at] princeton [dot] edu

.

(609) 258-4436

.

187 Wallace Hall
Princeton, NJ 08544

.
.
.
.

Biography

.
.
.
.
My name is Sam Trejo—I am a sociologist and demographer interested in how social and biological factors jointly shape human development across the life-course. I specialize in quasi-experimental, computational, and biosocial quantitative methods, and my research typically utilizes large administrative datasets and longitudinal studies containing molecular genetic data.

One branch of my research surrounds polygenic scores, measures meant to summarize a person’s genetic predisposition for a trait (ranging from height to depression to cognitive ability). While polygenic scores are becoming more and more predictive of social, behavioral, and health outcomes, there is much work to be done understanding what exactly is ‘in’ a polygenic score. I study how the social environment mediates, moderates, and confounds associations between genes and outcomes.

Another strand of my research leverages both field and natural experiments to explore the processes that produce educational and health inequality, with an emphasis on the reciprocal relationship between education and health. My work in this area has examined, for example, childhood lead exposure, fatal school shootings, and economic segregation.

I am currently writing a book for Princeton University Press with my friend and colleague Daphne Martschenko, a bioethicist specializing in mixed methods and critical theory. In it, we unpack social, ethical, and policy issues related to the DNA revolution.

I recently co-wrote an editorial on the misappropriation of genomics research by white supremacists. A few years ago, I wrote an piece about how my experiences with nerve damage and chronic pain led me to donate a kidney to a stranger. When not puzzling over humans and their behavior, I enjoy camping, playing board games, hiking with my dog Pickle, and making sure that my 170-year-old house does not collapse. You can find the R code that I used to create this website here.


Research

.

* Denotes joint lead authorship PDF    FAQ    Data/Code    Pre-Reg

● Working Papers

.
.

The Psychosocial Effects of the Flint Water Crisis on School-Age Children

Sam Trejo, Gloria Yeomans-Maldonado, and Brian Jacob. NBER Working Paper.


○ Published & Forthcoming Papers

.
.

2023

.

Exploring the Fetal Origins Hypothesis Using Genetic Data

Sam Trejo. Forthcoming at Social Forces.

.
.

Beware the Phony Horserace between Genes and Environments

Sam Trejo and Daphne Martschenko. Behavioral and Brain Sciences Methods.


2022

.

Ubiquitous Bias and False Discovery Due to Model Misspecification in Analysis of Statistical Interactions: The Role of the Outcome’s Distribution and Metric Properties

Benjamin W. Domingue, Klint Kanopka, Sam Trejo, Mijke Rhemtulla, and Elliot M. Tucker-Drob. Psychological Methods.

.
.

Ethical, Anticipatory Genomics Research on Human Behavior Means Celebrating Disagreement

Daphne Martschenko* and Sam Trejo*. Human Genetics and Genomics Advances.


2021

.

Modeling Interaction and Dispersion Effects in the Analysis of Gene-Environment Interaction

Benjamin W. Domingue*, Klint Kanopka, Travis T. Mallard, Sam Trejo, and Elliot M. Tucker-Drob*. Behavior Genetics.

.
.

FoGS Provides a Public FAQ Repository for Social and Behavioral Genomic Discoveries

Daphne Martschenko, Benjamin W. Domingue, Lucas J. Matthews, and Sam Trejo. Nature Genetics.


2020

.

Interactions Between Polygenic Scores and Environments: Methodological and Conceptual Challenges

Benjamin W. Domingue, Sam Trejo, Emma Armstrong-Carter, and Elliot Tucker-Drob. Sociological Science.

.
.

Local Exposure to School Shootings and Youth Antidepressant Use

Maya Rossin-Slater*, Molly Schnell*, Hannes Schwandt*, Sam Trejo, and Lindsey Uniat. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

WASHINGTON POST, LOS ANGELES TIMES, THE HILL

.
.

The Earliest Origins of Genetic Nurture: The Prenatal Environment Mediates the Association Between Maternal Genetics and Child Development

Emma Armstrong-Carter*, Sam Trejo*, Liam Hill, Kirsty Crossley, Dan Mason, and Benjamin W. Domingue. Psychological Science.


2019

.

Genetics and Education: Recent Developments in the Context of an Ugly History and an Uncertain Future

Daphne Martschenko*, Sam Trejo*, and Benjamin W. Domingue*. AERA Open.


2018

.

Schools as Moderators of Genetic Associations with Life Course Attainments: Evidence from the WLS and Add Heath

Sam Trejo*, Daniel W. Belsky, Jason D. Boardman, Jeremy Freese, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Pamela Herd, Kamil Sicinski, and Benjamin W. Domingue*. Sociological Science.


● Resting Papers

.
.

An Ordinal Model for Analysis of Years of Education

Benjamin W. Domingue, Klint Kanopka, Sam Trejo, and Jeremy Freese. SocArXiv.