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Assistant Professor of Sociology

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PRINCETON UNIVERSITY

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 Contact

samtrejo [at] princeton [dot] edu

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(609) 258-4436

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Wallace Hall
Princeton, NJ 08544

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Biography

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My name is Sam Trejo—I am a quantitative social scientist interested in how social and biological factors jointly shape human development across the life-course. I specialize in quasi-experimental, biosocial, and computational methods, and my research capitalizes on two data sources that, until recently, were unavailable to researchers: (1) large administrative datasets and (2) longitudinal studies containing molecular genetic data.

Most of my work in human genomics surrounds polygenic scores, measures meant to summarize a person’s genetic predisposition for a trait, ranging from height to depression to cognitive ability. While polygenic scores are becoming more and more predictive of a many social, behavioral, and health outcomes, there is much work to be done understanding what exactly is ‘in’ a polygenic score. I study how the social environment mediates, moderates, and confounds observed associations between genes and outcomes.

Another strand of my research leverages experimental manipulation and natural experiments to explore the processes that produce educational and health inequality, with an emphasis on the reciprocal relationship between education and health. This work highlights how policies and institutions designed to foster health and educational development could benefit from a more unified treatment of these two intimately related life domains.

I am currently writing a book for Princeton University Press with my friend and colleague Daphne Martschenko, a bioethicist specializing in mixed methods and critical theory. In it, we unpack various social, ethical, and policy issues related to the DNA revolution. The floodgates of genetic data have opened, resurfacing age-old debates and raising new questions. We hope our book presents a genuine middle ground, moving past the dichotomies—interpretivist vs. positivist, qualitative vs. quantitative, optimism vs. pessimism regarding biological explanations—that vex the biosocial sciences.

Last year, I wrote an op-ed about how my experiences with nerve damage and chronic pain led me to donate a kidney to a stranger. Remarkably, after a person donates one of their kidneys, the other grows to compensate—mine is still growing. When not puzzling over human behavior, I enjoy camping, riding bikes, playing board games, eating Chinese food, and working to ensure that my 170-year-old house does not collapse.


Research

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● Working Papers

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* DENOTES JOINT LEAD AUTHORSHIP FAQ   ●         PDF  

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The Psychosocial Effects of the Flint Water Crisis on School-Age Children

Sam Trejo, Gloria Yeomans-Maldonado, and Brian Jacob. NBER Working Paper.

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False Discovery in the Analysis of Interactions as a Function of the Distributional and Metric Properties of the Outcome

Benjamin W. Domingue, Klint Kanopka, Sam Trejo, and Elliot M. Tucker-Drob. SocArXiv.

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An Ordinal Model for Analysis of Years of Education

Benjamin W. Domingue, Klint Kanopka, Sam Trejo, and Jeremy Freese. SocArXiv.

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Distinguishing Between Interaction and Dispersion Effects in the Analysis of Gene-Environment Interaction

Benjamin W. Domingue*, Klint Kanopka, Travis T. Mallard, Sam Trejo, and Elliot M. Tucker-Drob*. BioRxiv.

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○ Published & Forthcoming Papers

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2021

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FoGS Provides a Public FAQ Repository for Social and Behavioral Genomic Discoveries

Daphne Martschenko, Benjamin W. Domingue, Lucas J. Matthews, and Sam Trejo. Nature Genetics.


2020

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Interactions Between Polygenic Scores and Environments: Methodological and Conceptual Challenges

Benjamin W. Domingue, Sam Trejo, Emma Armstrong-Carter, and Elliot Tucker-Drob. Sociological Science.

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Local Exposure to School Shootings and Youth Antidepressant Use

Maya Rossin-Slater*, Molly Schnell*, Hannes Schwandt*, Sam Trejo, and Lindsey Uniat. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

WASHINGTON POST, LOS ANGELES TIMES, THE HILL

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The Earliest Origins of Genetic Nurture: The Prenatal Environment Mediates the Association Between Maternal Genetics and Child Development

Emma Armstrong-Carter*, Sam Trejo*, Liam Hill, Kirsty Crossley, Dan Mason, and Benjamin W. Domingue. Psychological Science.


2019

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Genetics and Education: Recent Developments in the Context of an Ugly History and an Uncertain Future

Daphne Martschenko*, Sam Trejo*, and Benjamin W. Domingue*. AERA Open.


2018

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Schools as Moderators of Genetic Associations with Life Course Attainments: Evidence from the WLS and Add Heath

Sam Trejo*, Daniel W. Belsky, Jason D. Boardman, Jeremy Freese, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Pamela Herd, Kamil Sicinski, and Benjamin W. Domingue*. Sociological Science.


● Resting Papers

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